Blood Pressure Chart: Learn about the Blood Pressure Chart, including the high, normal, and low BP ranges by age for both males and females. Understanding your blood pressure levels can help you maintain good health and prevent serious health problems.
Blood pressure is an important indicator of your overall health. It is the force of blood against the walls of your arteries, and it is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Blood pressure readings are expressed as two numbers – systolic and diastolic. The systolic pressure is the top number, which measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats. The diastolic pressure is the bottom number, which measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart is at rest.
Knowing your blood pressure levels is crucial for maintaining good health. High blood pressure can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. On the other hand, low blood pressure can cause dizziness, fainting, and other health issues.
In this article, we will discuss the blood pressure chart and the high, normal, and low BP ranges by age for males and females.
Types of Blood Pressure
There are two main types of blood pressure: systolic and diastolic.
Systolic blood pressure is the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and pumps blood. It is represented by the top number in a blood pressure reading. Normal systolic blood pressure is less than 120 mmHg, while high systolic blood pressure is 140 mmHg or higher.
Diastolic blood pressure is the pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest between beats. It is represented by the bottom number in a blood pressure reading. Normal diastolic blood pressure is less than 80 mmHg, while high diastolic blood pressure is 90 mmHg or higher.
Both systolic and diastolic blood pressure are important measures of overall health. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can lead to serious health problems such as heart disease, stroke, and kidney disease. Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, can cause dizziness, fainting, and other health issues. It is important to get your blood pressure checked regularly and to maintain a healthy lifestyle to keep your blood pressure within the normal range.
Blood Pressure Chart- Different Ranges table
Here is a table showing the different Blood Pressure Chart ranges:
|Blood Pressure Category||Systolic Pressure (mmHg)||Diastolic Pressure (mmHg)|
|Normal||Less than 120||Less than 80|
|Elevated||120-129||Less than 80|
|Stage 1 Hypertension||130-139||80-89|
|Stage 2 Hypertension||140 or higher||90 or higher|
|Hypertensive Crisis||Higher than 180||Higher than 120|
It is important to note that blood pressure can vary depending on factors such as age, gender, and overall health. This table provides a general guideline for blood pressure categories, but it is important to consult with a healthcare professional to determine what blood pressure range is appropriate for you.
High Blood Pressure:
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a condition in which the force of blood against the walls of your arteries is consistently too high. High blood pressure can be caused by various factors such as smoking, obesity, stress, and genetics. It is important to get your blood pressure checked regularly to detect high blood pressure early.
The Blood Pressure Chart shows that a blood pressure reading of 140/90 mmHg or higher is considered high. However, in some cases, your doctor may diagnose high blood pressure based on a single reading if your blood pressure is extremely high and there are symptoms of organ damage.
High Blood Pressure: Symptoms and Risk
While most people with high blood pressure have no symptoms, some may experience:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
However, these symptoms are not specific to high blood pressure and may be caused by other conditions as well.
If left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to serious health problems, such as:
- Heart disease
- Kidney damage
- Vision loss
- Sexual dysfunction
- Cognitive impairment
Certain factors can increase your risk of developing high blood pressure, including:
- Family history
- Being overweight or obese
- Lack of physical activity
- Too much salt in your diet
- Chronic conditions like diabetes or kidney disease
It is important to monitor your blood pressure regularly and to make lifestyle changes or take medication as necessary to manage high blood pressure and reduce your risk of serious health problems. If you are concerned about your blood pressure or have any of the symptoms listed above, talk to your healthcare provider.
Avoid food with high blood pressure
If you have a high Blood Pressure Chart, there are certain foods that you should avoid or limit in your diet. These include:
- Sodium-rich foods: Sodium can raise your blood pressure, so it’s important to limit your intake of high-sodium foods like processed foods, fast foods, canned soups and vegetables, and salty snacks.
- Saturated and trans fats: These fats can raise your cholesterol levels and increase your risk of heart disease. Avoid foods high in saturated and trans fats like fatty meats, fried foods, full-fat dairy products, and processed snacks.
- Sugar and sweetened beverages: High sugar intake can lead to weight gain and increase your risk of diabetes and heart disease. Avoid sugary foods and drinks like candy, baked goods, soda, and fruit juices.
- Alcohol: Drinking too much alcohol can raise your blood pressure and increase your risk of heart disease. Limit your alcohol intake to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men.
- Caffeine: While moderate caffeine intake is generally safe for most people, some individuals may be more sensitive to its effects on blood pressure. Limit your caffeine intake if you notice it raises your blood pressure.
Instead, focus on eating a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and low-fat dairy products. These foods are rich in nutrients that can help lower your blood pressure and reduce your risk of heart disease. Additionally, engaging in regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and managing stress can all help manage high blood pressure.
Normal Blood Pressure:
A blood pressure reading of 120/80 mmHg is considered normal. However, normal blood pressure can vary depending on your age and other factors such as physical activity, diet, and stress levels. It is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle to keep your blood pressure within the normal range.
Low Blood Pressure:
Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is a condition in which the force of blood against the walls of your arteries is consistently too low. Low blood pressure can be caused by various factors such as dehydration, heart problems, and certain medications. Symptoms of low blood pressure include dizziness, fainting, and fatigue.
The Blood Pressure Chart shows that a blood pressure reading of 90/60 mmHg or lower is considered low. However, if you do not experience any symptoms, low blood pressure may not be a cause for concern.
Low Blood Pressure: Symptoms and Risk
Low blood pressure, also known as hypotension, is a condition where the force of blood against the walls of your arteries is lower than normal. While it is generally considered to be a good thing to have low blood pressure, it can sometimes cause symptoms and complications.
The symptoms of low blood pressure can include:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Fainting or passing out
- Blurred vision
- Cold, clammy skin
- Rapid, shallow breathing
Low blood pressure can be caused by a number of factors, including:
- Blood loss
- Severe infection
- Medications like diuretics, beta-blockers, or calcium channel blockers
- Heart problems like bradycardia or heart valve problems
- Endocrine disorders like hypothyroidism or adrenal insufficiency
- Nutritional deficiencies like vitamin B12 deficiency or folate deficiency
Low blood pressure is usually not a serious problem and can be managed with lifestyle changes like drinking plenty of fluids, eating a balanced diet, and avoiding standing up too quickly. However, in some cases, low blood pressure can cause complications like fainting or shock. If you experience any of the symptoms listed above or have concerns about your blood pressure, talk to your healthcare provider.
Avoid food with high low pressure
If you have a low Blood Pressure Chart, there are certain foods that you may want to avoid or limit in your diet. While these foods are not harmful in moderation, consuming them in excess may cause your blood pressure to drop further.
Here are some foods to limit or avoid if you have low blood pressure:
caffeine-coffee, tea, energy drinks, soda, chocolate, Medications, Pre-workout supplements
alcohol-Beer (regular), Beer (light), Wine (red), Wine (white), Champagne,
Spirits (whiskey, vodka, rum, gin, tequila, etc.)
Processed and junk food–
Potato chips and other fried snacks
Candy and chocolate bars
Sugary drinks like soda and energy drinks
Processed meats like hot dogs and sausages
Instant noodles and other pre-packaged meals
Frozen pizzas and other pre-made frozen meals
Cake, cookies, and other baked goods with high sugar and fat content
Breakfast cereals with added sugars and artificial flavors
Fast food items like burgers, fries, and fried chicken
Packaged snacks like crackers and cheese puffs.
large meals- stuffing, mashed potatoes, gravy, green beans, pie, pizzas, garlic bread, and soda
Blood Pressure Chart by Age and Gender:
The Blood Pressure Chart shows the high, normal, and low BP range by age for males and females. Here are the blood pressure ranges by age and gender
|Age||Male (mmHg)||Female (mmHg)|
|0-3 years||80/34 – 120/75||80/34 – 120/75|
|4-6 years||88/47 – 128/84||88/47 – 128/84|
|7-10 years||92/53 – 130/90||92/53 – 130/90|
|11-13 years||102/61 – 136/88||100/62 – 136/88|
|14-17 years||105/62 – 140/90||100/63 – 140/90|
|18-24 years||105/64 – 139/94||100/63 – 140/90|
|25-29 years||108/66 – 140/96||102/65 – 141/95|
|30-35 years||109/67 – 142/97||103/66 – 142/96|
|36-39 years||110/68 – 143/98||104/67 – 144/97|
|40-45 years||110/69 – 144/99||105/68 – 145/98|
|46-49 years||111/71 – 145/99||106/69 – 146/99|
|50-55 years||112/72 – 147/100||107/70 – 147/100|
|56-59 years||114/74 – 149/100||107/71 – 148/101|
|60+ years||115/75 – 149/100||110/72 – 150/101|
It’s important to note that these ranges are meant to be a general guide, and your blood pressure can vary depending on factors like your overall health, lifestyle, and genetics. If you have concerns about your blood pressure, talk to your healthcare provider. utilize a BP appliance at home blood pressure machine and buy online.